Why do we flip classrooms?
What is the number one complaint from teachers? Time! Teachers have so many ideas, but don't have the time to incorporate them in their classroom. Why? It is because they are spending most of their time presenting the material. According to Katie Gimbar, she was spending 90% of class time on delivery and review of content. Only 10% of the time was spent on student application. (Gimbar, 2011) The flipped classroom model is designed to maximize the time that the students are in class. Less time is spent on lecturing, and more time is spent applying the skill. When students watch the instructional videos outside of the classroom, more class time can be focused on mastering the task with different forms of application.
Watch the video of Katie Gimbar explain why she flipped her classroom.
Accoding to Aaron Sams, a flipped classroom will "help students become learners who can learn for themselves and by themselves." (Sams, 2010) Watch the video to see why he flipped his classroom.
What does the flipped classroom look like?
The flipped classroom model is split into four parts: Demonstration and Application, Experiential Engagement, Meaning Making, and Concept Exploration.
Experiential Engagement: This is often where it begins. It is hands-on learning activities that fully engage students. These activities include experiements, simulations, games, and use of the arts. Students become more interested in the topic because of the experience. As a result, they have a desire to learn more and create meanings about that experience. (Gerstein, 2011)
Concept Exploration: Students watch video lectures or learn from websites and simulations. The videos are used to teach the concepts related to the topic or skill. Learners have complete control of the media. Students can share the media through online discussions or podcasts. (Gerstein, 2011)
Meaning Making: This is where learners reflect on their discoveries. This is where students are traditionally tested on their understandings. (Gerstein, 2011)
Demonstration and Application: Students present what they know by applying the material in a new way. Students don't just reflect, they must create something that is individualized and goes beyond to apply it to everyday life. (Gerstein, 2011)
What are the benefits of a flipped classroom?
"When students own their learning, then deep, authentic, transformative things happen in a classroom." ( Watters, 2012)
Flipped classrooms offer a variety of benefits to students and teachers. They range from differentiated instruction to more application time.
Benefits of students:
- Students can progress at their own pace.
- The use of videos allows learners to control the media. They can review parts that are misunderstood or they are more interested in. They can fast-forward through concepts they already understand.
- Allows students with multiple learning styles to learn their own pace.
- It provides a hands on learning approach. (Gerstein,2011)
- More personalized attention to the students (Walsh, 2013)
- Overall interaction increases- teacher to student and student to student. (Bergmann and Sams, 2011)
Benefits of teachers:
- Their role has changed from presenter of content to learning coach.
- Students rely on each other instead of the teacher. (Bergmann and Sams, 2011)
- It gives instructors a better opportunity to find errors in students' thinking. (Educause, 2012)